Anemia is a decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin, hematocrit and the number of erythrocytes in the blood. In the course of anemia, the ability of blood to transport oxygen decreases, which results in decreased oxygenation of tissues and organs. Due to the severity of anemia, its form can be distinguished: Mild - hemoglobin concentration between 10 and 12 g/dl in women and 10 to 13.5 g/dl in men, Moderate - hemoglobin levels of 8 to 9.9 g/dl, Severe - hemoglobin 6.5-7.9 g/dl Life-threatening - hemoglobin below 6.5 g/dl. Anemia - symptoms Clinical symptoms of anemia vary depending on the form, but common symptoms include weakness and easy fatigability, headaches and dizziness, impaired concentration and attention. In severe anemia we also observe dyspnea, tachycardia, pale skin and mucous membranes. Iron deficiency anemia Iron deficiency anemia is caused by insufficient iron in the body, not allowing for proper heme synthesis and erythrocyte formation. The red blood cells that form in iron deficiency conditions are smaller and contain less hemoglobin. In laboratory tests, in addition to insufficient iron levels, you will notice a decrease in parameters such as MCV (mean erythrocyte volume), MCH (mean mass of hemoglobin in an erythrocyte), and MCHC (mean concentration of hemoglobin in an erythrocyte). Iron deficiency anemia is estimated to occur in approximately 10% of women and 4% of men in the European population. The main causes include: Blood loss - gastrointestinal bleeding, heavy menstruation, after surgery and trauma, Increased demand (with inadequate supply or impaired absorption) - e.g. in premature infants, during puberty, pregnancy and lactation, and with increased red blood cell formation during treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency, Impaired absorption from the gastrointestinal tract e.g. in the course of Crohn's disease, during a low-protein diet and a diet rich in phosphates, phytates and oxalates, Deficiency in diets such as vegetarian and vegan diets.

Anaemia treatment

Anemia is a decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin, hematocrit and the number of erythrocytes in the blood. In the course of anemia, the blood’s ability to transport oxygen decreases, resulting in decreased oxygenation of tissues and organs.